- Psilocybe Yungensis Strain Guide
- Psilocybe Yungensis Similar Species
- Psilocybe Yungensis Habitat
- Psilocybe Yungensis Uses and Effects
Psilocybe yungensis is a species of hallucinogenic mushroom from the Strophariaceae family. It is distributed widely in the North and South American continents. Mushroom hunters know this magic mushroom strain likes growing on rotting wood.
This strain of hallucinogenic mushrooms is relatively new and was discovered by American mycologists Rolf Singer and Alexander Smith, based on specimens which were first collected in the Nor Yungas Province of Bolivia. Their findings were then first published in the 1958 publication Mycologia.
According to Gaston Guzman, an expert on psilocybin mushrooms, Psilocybe yungensis is the same species as Psilocybe acutissima, and Psilocybe isauri. Not only are their gross features similar but their microscopic features are the same in the type material of all three.
Psilocybe Yungensis Strain Guide
Classifying a magic mushroom as Psilocybe yungensis entails inspection of four features: cap, gills, stipe, and spores.
Psilocybe yungensis fruit bodies have caps that start out conical but become bell-shaped in maturity, reaching a maximum diameter of 2.5cm. The surface of the cap is smooth and sticky. Moist specimens have faint stripes that extend towards the margin. It also frequently has an umbo, a slight protrusion at the center of the cap.
These caps are hygrophanous – they change colors depending on the amount of moisture they contain. Fresh caps are dark reddish-brown or rusty brown to orange brown. Dried caps become dull yellowish-brown or the color of dingy straw.
Gills are located underneath the cap and are attached to the stem. These gills are spaced narrowly but regularly. The gill color is dull gray at first but the spores mature, the color of the gills change to purplish brown.
Because of the spore color, the spore print is dark purplish brown. Under a microscope, the spores range from rhomboid to roughly elliptical. They have thick walls with a large germ pore.
The stem is 3cm to 5cm in length and 2.5mm thick. It’s equal in width throughout its length but it thickens a little towards the base. The hollow, brittle stem is pale on the upper part but is reddish-brown towards the bottom.
Whitish fibrils cover the stem of Psilocybe yungensis. These fibrils are pressed flat against the surface. These fibrils slough off with age and leave a smooth surface. The mushroom has a webby partial veil but it doesn’t last for long. It occasionally leaves behind remnants of tissue hanging on the cap margin and on the upper part of the stem. After the veil disappears, no ring remains on the stem.
All parts of this magic shroom stains blue when injured. The application of potassium hydroxide drops also turns the cap and stem from brown to blackish. Finally, as the mushroom dies and as the psilocybin degrades, the stains will blacken.
Psilocybe Yungensis Similar Species
Because of its orange brown cap color, few mushroom strains are similar to the Psilocybe yungensis. However, a similar species is called the Psilocybe subyungensis. This magic shroom is similar in form, although it’s smaller with a cap diameter of 1cm and stem lengths of 3.5cm. This magic mushroom is known only in Venezuela.
Confusing the two species of shrooms won’t cause any harmful effects because the similar species is non-fatal and also produces the desired hallucinogenic effects.
Psilocybe Yungensis Habitat
Psilocybe yungensis is a species that thrives on decaying matter. It also contributes to the degradation of organic matter in the forests where it grows. It doesn’t grow solitarily. Rather, it prefers to grow in clusters or groups on rotting wood. It rarely grows on soil.
It is often seen in coffee plantations, subtropical or cloud forests, and in elevations which are 1000m to 2000m above sea level. This strain of magic shrooms typically grows in northeast, central, and southeastern Mexico particularly in the states of Oaxaca, Puebla, Tamaulipas, and Veracruz where the psychedelic fungus fruits between June and July.
This magic shroom is also seen in other countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and the Caribbean island Martinique. In 2009, clusters of Psilocybe yungensis were spotted growing in China.
Psilocybe Yungensis Uses and Effects
Fruit bodies of the Psilocybe yungensis are used in spiritual rituals by the Mazatec Indians in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Some authorities on magic mushrooms also claim P. yungensis is the “tree fungus,” a reddish shroom used as a main ingredient in the intoxicating beverage by tribes in Amazonian Peru. References to the tree fungus date back to the 17th and 18th centuries and were written by Jesuit priests.
Further psilocybin studies are needed to determine their indole content. However, they are at least moderately psychedelic and produce the same effects as any magic mushrooms.
People have different responses to the taste of Psilocybe yungensis. However, most people find the flavor and texture unpleasant and had to power through chewing and swallowing them. It’s not uncommon to feel queasy after ingesting shrooms. That’s just the body’s natural reaction to a powerful substance.
After the queasiness subsides, the effects should start taking over your body in an hour. Psilocybe yungensis causes subtle changes in thought patterns, colors will look more saturated, and surfaces will seem to have a richer texture. You will smile and giggle uncontrollably.
Psilocybe yungensis peaks by the 2nd hour after ingestion. At the peak of the trip, you will feel like you’re caught in a whirlwind. When you have a positive state of mind, you should be able to have more control of your trip. You can navigate a totally new mindset, explore yourself ideals, and examine your personal problems, relationships, and fears.
Your sense of time and space would also become distorted to the point that you perceive hours have gone by when in reality, it’s only been minutes. You will also be immersed in intense, vivid hallucinations including seeing bright, geometric patterns.
After 6 hours, you would start to come down. The end of a mushroom trip would reconnect you to the physical world and as you become more in control of your body and thoughts, you start to sense a feeling of relief. This is when most of the therapeutic effects take place.
Psilocybe yungensis isn’t the only magic mushroom species that can produce a healing hallucinogenic effect. Truffles from strains such as the Psilocybe mexicana and Psilocybe tampanensis also contain psilocybin and can put you in a psychedelic state of mind.
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