Psilocybe villarealiae is a moderately potent magic mushroom that contains the psychoactive compounds psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin. When you go to Mexico, you’re likely to encounter this strain although it’s not as popular as the other species such as Psilocybe mexicana.
This guide will give you all the information you need in identifying, gathering, and even growing Psilocybe villarealiae.
Psilocybe Villarealiae Strain Guide
Psilocybe villarealiae has a cap that measures 2cm to 12cm in diameter. It has a conical to bell-like shape which eventually expands to convex or plane with a wavy margin. In younger species, the cap color starts out tan but becomes yellow-brown in mature specimen and finally turns black towards the end of its life.
This cap’s color is also highly dependent on the amount of moisture it contains. Hydrated shrooms have translucent stripes near the margin but the dried Psilocybe villarealiae cap fades to tan.
The gills beneath the cap are close together but evenly-spaced. They are cream-colored during the fungus’ early phase but eventually turn violet brown.
Further downward, you will notice this mushroom’s stipe, also known as the stem, which varies in length. The reddish brown stem fades to grey-yellow and can be anywhere between 3cm to 12cm tall, and 3mm to 7mm thick, with the bottom half covered in woolly tufts of mycelium. The upper part of this stem usually bruises blue green with a cobweb-like partial veil that disappears as it matures. It also produces dark purple spores.
Psilocybe villarealiae has a starch-like smell and a gritty texture.
Most parts of this magic shroom stain blue in age and upon injury. Once this psychedelic fungus starts to stain black, it may be a sign that it’s running out of psilocybin and may no longer produce a psychedelic effect.
Psilocybe Villarealiae Habitat
This particular magic mushroom grows in Jalisco, Mexico and nowhere else. The chance of finding Psilocybe villarealiae increases as one explores muddy soil where they can be seen solitarily or in small groups. Psilocybe villarealiae is quite resilient, capable of growing on woody or decomposing substrates near small creeks and ravines in pine and oak woods in subtropical forests in the region.
Growing Psilocybe Villarealiae
Because of its adaptability, Psilocybe villarealiae can grow on virtually any type of substrate: straw, sawdust, manure, coco coir, and coffee. Every type of substrate has different benefits.
Straw as a substrate. Straw refers to the stem portion on barley, rye, oats, and wheat. It is an economical and effective substrate which works wonders for most magic mushrooms. This agricultural waste product is your choice for cultivating Psilocybe villarealiae if you live in a farming community. It’s also preferable for growing medium to large amounts of magic mushrooms but it requires a separate preparation area.
However, working with straw is messy especially if you have to scale it down for indoor operations. It needs to be properly chopped, cleaned, and pasteurized before being used as a substrate for growing shrooms. That being said, pouring hot water on straw is a good way of pasteurizing this substrate.
Sawdust and wood chips as substrate. Hands down, an outstanding substrate for magic shrooms, this is the most commonly-used grow medium among growers. This is a waste product of lumber and, depending on your location, can be very easy to find.
Sawdust is usually mixed with wood chips to expedite the colonization process, and give better support and structure for the mycelium. The most common sawdust sources are oak, maple, hickory, and beech – or they can be mixed together. Hardwoods are the most preferable and softwoods such as spruce, pine, and fir are not recommended.
Hardwood pellets are a good substitute for hardwood sawdust if the latter is difficult to come by.
Dung as substrate. There aren’t any reports of Psilocybe villarealiae growing on dung but it wouldn’t hurt to try. After all, other psilocybin mushrooms such as Psilocybe cubensis love growing on manure. Unfortunately, using manure involves multiple days of composting to allow beneficial organisms to grow and multiply. After this process is complete, the compost still has to undergo pasteurization to remove unwanted bacteria.
This method is not advisable for home growers.
Coco coir as substrate. Coco coir is another common material which can provide Psilocybe villarealiae the right amount of moisture for its mycelium to grow and develop. This natural material is made from the husk and shell of coconuts.
This substrate does a great job to retain. It is reasonably nutritious enough for shrooms but it also doesn’t provide many nutrients for other harmful microorganisms to prosper and compete with Psilocybe villarealiae.
When using coco coir as a substrate, it’s usually mixed with vermiculite to create a suitable mushroom substrate. However, this combination still needs to be pasteurized before being inoculated with grain spawn.
Coffee as substrate. Coffee grounds contain nitrogen which will give mycelium plenty of energy to produce higher yields. Because of this incredibly rich substrate, it’s a magnet for contaminants. For this very reason, coffee grounds need to be sterilized before inoculation.
After you have chosen your preferred substrate and obtained magic mushroom spawn, you can proceed with the following steps to cultivate Psilocybe villarealiae.
Steps in growing Psilocybe villarealiae:
- Sterilize the substrate to kill off microorganisms that could compete with the growing mycelium. For small, home grows, you can place the substrate in a microwave safe bowl, add enough water to dampen it, and set the microwave on high heat for two minutes until the water has evaporated. You may have to work in batches for larger amounts.
- After heating the substrate, place a few handfuls into a shallow baking pan. A pan with a large surface area is the most preferable.
- Mix the substrate into the spawn with your clean fingers and place it in a sterilized container. Place the baking pan in a room with temperatures of 21 to 25 degrees Celsius. This is the ideal temperature to encourage the growth of mycelium.
- After three weeks, place the container in a dark and cool environment. Spray the mixture with plenty of water to help dampen it. Check on the container regularly and spray it with water as needed.
- In about three more weeks, you should see small Psilocybe villarealiae appearing. Encourage their continued growth by spraying them with water.
- When the caps have opened and are separated from their stems, they are ready to harvest.
Rinse the Psilocybe villarealiae before eating. They can also be stored in a paper bag and refrigerated to keep fresh up to a month.
If you don’t have the time and patience to cultivate Psilocybe villarealiae, you can grow other types of magic mushrooms. Truffle Magic sells grow kits for other strains of magic mushrooms which are equipped with everything you need for a successful harvest.
Order your magic mushroom grow kit online today!