- Psilocybe Cyanescens Identification
- Psilocybe Cyanescens Habitat
- Psilocybe Cyanescens Cultivation Indoors
- Psilocybe Cyanescens Dosage
Psilocybe cyanescens, sometimes called “wavy caps,” is a potent member of the family of hallucinogenic mushrooms. Its main compounds responsible for creating psychedelic effects are psilocybin and psilocin. It may share similarities with other magic mushroom varieties but its appearance and amount of psychoactive compounds sets it apart.
Psilocybe Cyanescens Identification
The easiest way to identify Psilocybe cyanescens is by looking at its cap. Mature P. cyanescens caps have a distinct wavy appearance. This cap also changes color depending on the mushroom’s levels of hydration. It’s caramel to chestnut-brown when moist but fades to pale buff or slightly yellowish when dried. These wavy caps can measure from 1.5 to 5cm in diameter. This also applies to the mushroom’s other body parts.
The gills under the caps are light brown to dark purple brown in maturity, with lighter gill edges. These are connected to the whitish stem which is 3-6cm in length, and 3-6mm thick which is usually enlarged at the base.
Psilocybe cyanescens also produces purple-brown to purple-gray or purple-black spores. Both the odor and taste of P. cyanescens are starchy, comparable to ground flour.
- cyanescens generally bruise bluish or blue-green wherever it’s damaged and this stain remains visible after drying. This staining is most visible on the stem but also takes place on other parts of the mushroom such as the gills, and cap. This staining comes from the oxidation of psilocin.
Psilocybe Cyanescens Habitat
Psilocybe cyanescens typically fruit when temperatures drop to 50 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit. This means fruiting usually takes place between October and February.
In the United States, P. cyanescens grows mainly in the Pacific Northwest, south to the San Francisco Bay Area. It’s also been seen in other locations such as Western Europe, Central Europe, New Zealand, and some parts of west Asia particularly Iran.
This psychedelic mushroom prefers to grow on wood chips especially in and along the perimeter of mulched plat beds in urban areas. In the wild, they grow on lignin-rich substrates. Lignin is found in wood and bark, and in other rigid parts of the plant which don’t rot easily.
Fortunately for magic mushroom fans, P. cyanescens is rapidly growing and expanding even in areas where it’s not native because of the rising number of people who use mulch to control weeds. This rapid expansion of range is also due to the rapid growth of P. cyanescens.
- cyanescens fruits in clusters, and in very rare occasions, they can reach great numbers. In one instance in the UK, 100,000 mushrooms were found growing in a single patch at a racetrack.
Psilocybe Cyanescens Lookalike
On some occasions, Psilocybe cyanescens has been confused with Galerina marginata. The two mushrooms have the same appearance, share similar habits, and can grow side by side leading to confusion.
Unfortunately, Galerina marginata contains amatoxins. Amatoxins are responsible for cases of fatal mushroom poisonings in humans. These toxins from G. marginata accumulates in the liver and disrupts its functions. They also cause kidney failure by damaging its tubes. Its initial symptoms are severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea which can last for six to nine hours.
To differentiate Psilocybe cyanescens from Galerina marginata, check how it reacts to injury or handling. Because of the absence of psilocybin and psilocin, G. marginata doesn’t have any bruising on its caps or stems.
Psilocybe Cyanescens Cultivation Indoors
Psilocybe cyanescens require a controlled environment to grow. When choosing between an outdoor and an indoor grow, remember that it’s easier to control the environment indoors. While growing outdoors may potentially yield more fruiting bodies, Psilocybe cyanescens prefers cold climates and fluctuating temperatures may hinder your success.
The process is as follows:
Phase 1: Inoculate sterilized grains with Psilocybe cyanescens
Using grains is a traditional approach to grow Psilocybe cyanescens. Many types of grains can be used for spawn. Among these types, most magic mushrooms seem to prefer rye because of its water-absorbing qualities, and nutrient makeup.
- Rinse and clean the grains, soak in water for 12-24 hours.
- Cook the grains for 10 minutes to absorb water.
- Drain excess moisture from outside the grains.
- Load grain into the mason jars and sterilize in a pressure cooker for 90 minutes at 15 PSI.
- Inoculate the grains using a Psilocybe cyanescens spore syringe.
You will know the gran is colonized
Phase 2: Inoculate alder chips with colonized grain.
- Take your alder chips and boil them for an hour to kill microorganisms that may contaminate your grow.
- Pour out the contents of the fully-colonized jar into the alder chips.
- Place it in a spot with indirect sunlight. Make sure the temperature is 23-25 degrees Celsius.
- The alder chips should be colonized in 4-6 weeks.
Phase 3: Growing the Psilocybe cyanescens fruiting bodies
- After mycelium appears on the surface, place a wet layer of vermiculite and place the bottles in the refrigerator with temperatures dialed down to 6-8 degrees Celsius.
- Air the bottle once every two days to introduce fresh air to the growing mycelium.
- Your first fruiting bodies should appear in 6 weeks.
Psilocybe Cyanescens Dosage
Now that you know how to create your own Psilocybe cyanescens from spores, you might be thinking of the right way to consume this fungus, particularly the right dose.
There are no hard and fast rules when it comes to dosing with P. cyanescens. They’re among the safest, naturally-occurring psychedelics out there so your chances for overdosing or becoming addicted are virtually non-existent.
Remember P. cyanescens is known for its high levels of psychedelic compounds, psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin. Collectively, these three substances are referred to as indoles. North America strains of P. cyanescens contain 0.66% to 1.96% total indole content by dry weight. The European fruiting bodies contain 0.39% to 0.75% total.
While a regular dose of weaker magic shrooms such as Psilocybe cubensis is around 2g to 3.5g, newbies are advised to take only half of the weight they would normally take for P. cubensis when ingesting P. cyanescens.
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